Editor’s note (October 26th 2020): On October 25th, after this article was published, Chileans voted overwhelmingly to replace their constitution. The prevailing rules are what allowed this nation of 18 million to do so many things right. All rights reserved. There may be more scope for referendums. Citizens of Chile will vote Oct. 25 on a referendum that may clear the way for a re-write of the country’s constitution, a key demand stemming from a period of civil unrest in late 2019. Such risks are heightened by the political calendar. Home Internasional Will the 2020 Constitutional Referendum Change Chile? (CNN) For a country at peace, Chile … How Did Other Press Report on the Referendum in Chile? By giving citizens a choice of contributing towards the public health-care system or a private one, the charter makes it hard for the state to set up a taxpayer-financed health-care system like Britain’s NHS. Under the influence of pro-market economists educated at the University of Chicago, it not only protected the private sector but gave it a big role in providing public services. Russia’s New Guerilla Media Are Going After Putin, Old West Nostalgia and New West Politics on Route 66, capture of public institutions by private interest, 29% of laborers still draw their livelihoods from the parlous informal economy. Advocates of the new charter want to introduce the idea of “equality of opportunity”, which in Chilean terms means making better public services affordable for everyone. Will it become spendthrift? On October 25, 2020 the Chilean people voted by an emphatic margin to approve a constitutional convention to draft a new constitution. Tens of thousands of flag-waving demonstrators congregated peacefully on October 18th in Plaza Italia in central Santiago, the capital. Re: Chile Constitutional Referendum, October 25th 2020 « Reply #169 on: October 27, 2020, 05:43:05 PM » So the election for the constitutional convention and local government will be held on April 2021, election for the president and congress will be held on November 2021 and referendum on the new constitution will be on 2022? SANTIAGO — In the wake of mass protests that turned violent over the weekend, Chile is bracing for new turmoil in the run-up to this Sunday’s constitutional referendum, in which … It gives the president the power to dictate which bills get priority in Congress. On October 25th voters will also choose whether to entrust drafting to an elected assembly, half of whose members would be women, or to a convention split evenly between elected delegates and members of Congress. Whether woke Chileans will go for anything less than a total reset is a tougher call. To the Chilean street, retaining the tyrant’s rulebook besmirches democracy. Since 1990 the economy has grown rapidly, poverty has fallen sharply and politics have been stable. The next Treasury secretary could make the lives of millions of Americans easier at no cost at all. Campaign promises will influence the drafters. In an October 2020 referendum the voting public of the Republic of Chile overwhelmingly approved the idea of drafting a new constitution. Although it acknowledged basic freedoms, a state of emergency suspended these until the regime’s final days. Part of the problem with Chile’s existing charter is pedigree: It was written in 1980, when Chile was under the boot of Augusto Pinochet (1973 – 1990), the region’s iconic military dictator. We need clearer information on how the virus works so that we can avoid it. Constitutional referendum in Chile The Government of Spain congratulates the people and Government of Chile on the constitutional referendum held yesterday, Sunday 25 October, which constitutes an exemplary display of civic spirit and democratic maturity in the difficult circumstances marked by the restrictions imposed by the elevated rate of the COVID-19 pandemic. Adopted in 1980, it is the work of the regime led by Augusto Pinochet, a despot who ruled until 1990. posted on Okt. A constitutional referendum also known as constitutional plebiscite will be held in Chile by April 2020. Chile moves to postpone constitutional referendum amid coronavirus crisis ... Thu 19 Mar 2020 18.23 EDT Last ... Chilean lawmakers have voted to postpone a much-anticipated referendum … Until recently, Chilean politicians were known and admired for their penchant for conciliation, a quality enabling the economy to hum in a turbulent hemisphere, even as the country toggled between governments of the left and the right. The Referendum on Chile’s process towards a Constitutional Assembly 02 November 2020, 5:00 pm–6:30 pm The results returned overwhelming support for a new constitution, to be written by a Constituent Assembly whose members will be elected separately from the existing Congress and in which there will be gender parity. Re: Chile Constitutional Referendum, October 25th 2020 « Reply #123 on: October 25, 2020, 07:14:06 PM » Regional results (especially in the north) seem to resemble more closely the "usual" voting patterns of relative strength for the left (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, O'Higgins north of 80%) instead of the absolute nonsense that was 2017. To contact the author of this story:Mac Margolis at mmargolis14@bloomberg.net, To contact the editor responsible for this story:James Gibney at jgibney5@bloomberg.net, Mac Margolis is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist covering Latin and South America. Chile’s income inequality outstrips its OECD peers; it has one of the highest ratios between the average income of the wealthiest 10% of its population and that of the poorest 10%. N atalia Aravena rushed down a small side street to escape, she recalls. Passing Chile’s Constitutional Referendum Was Easy. Sebastian Pinera, Chile’s president, wears a protective mask while waving to members of the media at a polling station during the national referendum in Santiago, Chile, on Sunday, Oct. 25 2020. “I was thinking the other day that in … “The original parameters for Chilean pensions are obsolete. Law and Politics People and Community. Passing Chile’s Constitutional Referendum Was Easy ... People celebrate as waiting for the official results of the referendum for a new constitution on October 25, 2020 in Santiago, Chile. If anyone wondered what became of the fury that shook Latin America’s pre-pandemic streets, Chileans have an answer. Nearly 40,000 people suffered human … “The voters have said the model has to change fundamentally, but it’s unclear how. Chileans want to crack the code and create a welfare state. Chileans fume about two-tier health care, which serves the rich better than ordinary folk; about the poor quality of state schools; and about privately managed pensions, which pay out less than many people expected. He was a reporter for Newsweek and is the author of “The Last New World: The Conquest of the Amazon Frontier.”, Photographer: Marcelo Hernandez/Getty Images South America. The day ended with attacks on police stations and two churches ablaze. A constitutional overhaul is a hard turn for a market-friendly culture anchored in stability and dependable rules. Cue the fireworks and national anthem. Hold the tear gas and water cannons. A woman bangs a pot as she reacts to the referendum on a new Chilean constitution in Valparaiso, Chile, October 25, 2020. These protests quickly led to demands for the abolition of Augusto Pinochet’s neoliberal constitution. Redaksi 17/10/2020 No comment. Have a confidential tip for our reporters? 17, 2020 at 8:07 pm. Home Internasional Will the 2020 Constitutional Referendum Change Chile? Redaksi 17/10/2020 No comment. The country will probably become more social-democratic. The odds are that the pro-business centre-right and the small group still nostalgic for Pinochet’s rule will have a blocking minority. Chile – Constitutional referendum (27 Oct. 2020) COVID-19 – Chile - Q&A from the press briefing (22 Apr. The combination of mass civility and minority mayhem was familiar. The assembly, to be elected next April, will be deliberating as the country holds presidential and congressional elections next November. Black Left Views on American Elections Matter. Instead, Chileans learned that savings rise or tank with the markets, life expectancy has soared and at least 29% of laborers still draw their livelihoods from the parlous informal economy. Chile was due for a reckoning. But investors are right to worry that writing a new charter for Latin America’s fading star won’t be. The Referendum on Chile’s process towards a Constitutional Assembly 02 November 2020, 5:00 pm–6:30 pm The results returned overwhelming support for a new constitution, to be written by a Constituent Assembly whose members will be elected separately from the existing Congress and in which there will be gender parity. Before it's here, it's on the Bloomberg Terminal. Chile's constitutional referendum seeks social reforms Chilean President Sebastian Pinera arrives at La Moneda presidential palace in Santiago, Chile, a day after voters approved a referendum to rewrite the nation's constitution. The danger is lessened, however, by the requirement that two-thirds of the convention must approve every clause in the new document. The constitution is “designed to neutralise democratic politics”, says Fernando Atria, a legal scholar at the University of Chile and head of Common Force, part of the left-wing Broad Front alliance. Even as poverty fell, 30% of the national population still lives on the edge, the World Bank said. ... – Constitutional referendum – ... ON May 12, 2020… Chile’s Constitutional Referendum A Roadmap to ‘Unchaining Nigeria’s Democracy” From the vetocracy of Elite obstruction and oppression of the will of the Masses. In critics’ eyes the constitution is not just “neoliberal” but “hyperpresidential”. Last week, Chile’s government announced the Agreement for Social Peace and a New Constitution. posted on Okt. Re: Chile Constitutional Referendum, October 25th 2020 « Reply #169 on: October 27, 2020, 05:43:05 PM » So the election for the constitutional convention and local government will be held on April 2021, election for the president and congress will be held on November 2021 and referendum on the new constitution will be on 2022? A woman bangs a pot as she reacts to the referendum on a new Chilean constitution in Valparaiso, Chile, October 25, 2020. This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the editorial board or Bloomberg LP and its owners. The overwhelming triumph of Apruebo and the constitutional convention has exceeded... apruebo chile constitution pinochet referendum. But the anger that flared last year has been building for more than a decade. The new constitution is … Among the 411 chapters of Bolivia’s 2009 constitution is one giving voters the right to elect top court judges, a world first. On October 25, 2020, Chile’s people voted by a crushing margin to support the writing of a new constitution, and to do so through the election of a new constitutional convention. What might they write on the blank sheet? REUTERS/Rodrigo Garrido . The court might also strike down any attempt to replace privately managed pensions as an infringement of the right to choose between public and private systems. The referendum in Chile was held on Sunday with a resounding result in favor of reforming the constitution. The shift towards more social rights will not be radical, predicts Verónica Undurraga, a professor of law at Adolfo Ibáñez University. Chile’s momentous referendum on its constitution, Natural and political disasters in Central America, How to unseat Nicaragua’s Daniel Ortega, Cuba extends the shelf life of a national favourite, dulce de leche. REUTERS/Rodrigo Garrido Voters in Santiago, Chile, cast ballots in a constitutional referendum on Sunday. [1] Claudia Heiss, Legitimacy crisis and the constitutional problem in Chile: A legacy of authoritarianism, 24 CONSTELLATIONS 470–479 (2017). After last … “This provides a chance to channel in a civilised way something that got really scary,” says Javier Couso, a constitutional scholar at Diego Portales and Utrecht universities who advises the centrist Christian Democratic Party. Such virtues have raised Chile’s international cachet and inflated the self-esteem of a political establishment that measured itself alongside the advanced nations of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Hence, it was up to the markets to deliver services such as higher education, health, housing and pensions. “Yet, this is the first broad-based push for a new constitution since Chile’s transition to democracy.” The road to the referendum launched in October 2019 when the government imposed a 4-percent hike in the cost of public transportation—which amounted to 14 percent of the daily wage of a poor Chilean. The pandemic has largely contained such protests. “The framers of Brazil’s constitution wanted to pack it with all the rights the dictatorship had voided,” said Felipe Camargo of Oxford Economics. But investors are right to worry that writing a new charter for Latin America’s fading star won’t be. “It is the one that most favours the private sector in the world,” says Mr Couso. Published 17 March 2020 . In a referendum on Sunday, 78 percent of voters backed constitutional overhaul, a stinging rebuke of the constitution dating from the 1973-1990 dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. ... 2020, 10:00 AM EDT Regions cannot raise their own revenues, which concentrates power in Santiago. The president will probably lose some powers; some delegates will argue for adopting a parliamentary system. 21.10.2020 - Santiago de Chile - Redacción Chile. By admin Oct 31, 2020… Editor’s note (October 26th 2020): On October 25th, after this article was published, Chileans voted overwhelmingly to replace their constitution. This sounds reasonable. Members may not propose tax or spending bills. This referendum was postponed in response to COVID-19 from March 24, 2020 to October 25, 2020. Fernanda Gandara 27 October, 2020 27 October, 2020. This post is also available in: Spanish (Image by Carlos Lizama) One year and one week later (yesterday), Chilean voters approved a referendum to scrap the Pinochet constitution. For the first time in the history of Chile, the country will undergo a process to write a popular constitution, one written by the people in elected assemblies rather than by a dictator and his team of advisers.. People line up for their turn to vote during a referendum to decide whether the country should replace its 40-year-old constitution, in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Oct. 25, 2020… 17, 2020 at 8:07 pm. By an overwhelming majority of over 78% the People voted to A Year After Protests Began, Chile’s Constitutional Referendum Goes Ahead On Sunday, after months of protests, voters can choose to keep … â–, This article appeared in the The Americas section of the print edition under the headline "In need of a new edifice", Sign up to our free daily newsletter, The Economist today, Published since September 1843 to take part in “a severe contest between intelligence, which presses forward, and an unworthy, timid ignorance obstructing our progress.”. “All the structural inputs for a mass rejection of the status quo are there.”. People line up for their turn to vote during a referendum to decide whether the country should replace its 40-year-old constitution, in Santiago, Chile, Sunday, Oct. 25, 2020. Updated 9:55 AM ET, Sat October 24, 2020 Protesters gather in downtown Santiago on Oct. 18, 2020, as the country prepares for a landmark constitutional referendum. The Government of Spain congratulates the people and Government of Chile on the constitutional referendum held yesterday, Sunday 25 October, which constitutes an exemplary display of civic spirit and democratic maturity in the difficult circumstances marked by the restrictions imposed by the elevated rate of the COVID-19 pandemic. Chileans are now scheduled to vote in 2022 to approve or reject the Constitution the convention drafts. On Sunday, they voted by a 78% majority to greenlight a new constitution and, by a like margin, for an independently elected body to do the rewrite. We don’t just need more regulations and mandates. Protesters gather in downtown Santiago on Oct. 18, 2020, as the country prepares for a landmark constitutional referendum. If Chileans fail to rewrite their constitution now, demands for radicalism could grow. WHAT ARE THEY FIGHTING FOR? 2020; Chile constitutional referendum seeks social reforms; A A A. The old text will be replaced by a new citizen-oriented constitution to be written by Chileans. It took a year to come to the point where a referendum was held to determine if the people of Chile want to rewrite the constitution or not. “If Chileans go the same way, they could be forced to later undo a lot of unaffordable guarantees just in order to govern.”. New demands on government spending may be tamed by rules that protect fiscal stability. In the afternoon fights broke out between football gangs. Much of the discord traces to Article 19, which limits the Chilean state to a “subsidiary role”: Government steps in only where the private sector cannot provide. (CNN) For a … Chileans largely blame the constitution. Re: Chile Constitutional Referendum, October 25th 2020 « Reply #148 on: October 26, 2020, 07:51:21 AM » Quote from: Cosmopolitanism Will Win on October 26, 2020, 01:30:55 AM By supporting the president’s efforts to overturn the election, the party is endangering its very existence. Sun 25 Oct 2020 14.02 EDT 14.12 EDT An elderly woman votes in the referendum in the Chilean capital of Santiago. On October 18, 2019, Chileans revolted against the fare hike—joining Iraqis and Lebanonese. For the first time in the history of Chile, the country will undergo a process to write a popular constitution, one written by the people in elected assemblies rather than by a dictator and his team of advisers.. The privately managed pension system that protestors pilloried as a totem of avarice and exclusion represented assets worth 81% of gross domestic product in 2019. Article 192 of Brazil’s 1988 constitution famously capped interest rates at 12%, although it soon became a dead letter. Any new constitution is likely to make Chile more social-democratic. Managing the aspirations — and the inevitable frustrations to follow — is a job for political leadership. Could Migrant Caravans Return Under Biden? Chilean authorities urge respect for health measures against pandemic during constitutional referendum Source: Xinhua| 2020-10-25 09:26:46|Editor: huaxia. Chile’s pandemic-battered credit-rating, recently downgraded to A-minus, is still the envy of Latin America. Supporters of the "I Approve" option react after hearing the results of the referendum on a new Chilean constitution in Valparaiso, Chile, October 25, 2020. It’s no coincidence that Chilean legislators agreed that any changes to the new charter may only be approved with a two-thirds supermajority of votes — an important firewall against more radical change. A YEAR AFTER the … Timid protests returned last month, leading to … A read of the crowded streets, however, suggests these laurels are an optical illusion and the policies that wrought them are now in peril. Chile has reported 200 cases of COVID-19 so far, but no fatalities yet. Inflation is low, and government spending before the public health emergency was temperate. A Chile Referendum To Reform Pinochet-Era Constitution NPR's Tonya Mosely talks with Amaya Alvez Marin, associate professor of law and political science at … Will the 2020 Constitutional Referendum Change Chile? But the tradition of temperance that set Chileans apart from their  continental coevals has weakened. The pace-setting economy also toppled the poverty rate from 36% in 2000 to 8.6% in 2017. Passing Chile’s Constitutional Referendum Was Easy ... 2020 in Santiago, Chile. They will press for the creation of new social rights, such as an entitlement to housing. Chile's President Sebastian Piñera Friday signed the decree that summons the constitutional plebiscite on April 26, 2020, which will allow Chileans to decide whether or not they want a new constitution.. RELATED: Victims of Eye Trauma in Chile Demand Reparations "We are going to live a transcendent period in these 121 days that we have until the plebiscite," Piñera said at an event … As the nation geared up for voting, tensions were high. This referendum was postponed in response to COVID-19 from March 24, 2020 to October 25, 2020. The autonomy of the Central Bank, which has helped kept inflation low, could be weakened. Supporters of the "I Approve" option react after hearing the results of the referendum on a new Chilean constitution in ... on a new Chilean constitution in Santiago, Chile. They will probably agree to a constitutional mention of indigenous Chileans, 9% of Chile’s 19m people, and perhaps encourage use of their languages. The problems with the current constitution start with its origins. Copyright © The Economist Newspaper Limited 2020. But it’s in keeping with an excitable region where distrust in elected officialdom and the democratic contract is running high — a sentiment manifested in what Lansberg-Rodriguez calls Wiki Constitutionalism, whereby the highest laws are published and shredded with alarming regularity. Chile prospered under Pinochet’s charter, which later governments amended dozens of times. Changes to laws on education, policing, mining and elections require four-sevenths majorities in both houses of Congress. This has paved the way for a constitutional referendum in April 2020 that will allow voters to decide if they want a new constitution and, if so, who should draft it — members of Congress or elected Chilean citizens. Chile's tumultuous protests about social inequality, which started a year ago, have left around 30 dead and led to a referendum set. Some fear that all this will compel the government to spend money it does not have. Citizens of Chile will vote Oct. 25 on a referendum that may clear the way for a re-write of the country’s constitution, a key demand stemming from a period of civil unrest in late 2019. Trump’s Republicans Are a Faction, Not a Party, A Letter From 9 Million U.S. Expats to Janet Yellen. ... the pandemic sent demonstrators home for much of 2020. by Arnold August A Different Focus on Nicaragua . People light flares as they gather to protest against Chile's government during a referendum on a new Chilean constitution in Santiago, Chile, October 25, 2020 [Ivan Alvarado/Reuters] N atalia Aravena rushed down a small side street to escape, she recalls. [2] Nicolás Somma et al., No water in the oasis: the Chilean Spring of 2019–2020, Social Movement Studies 1–8 (2020). But a more enduring solution is supposed to come from a referendum, to be held on October 25th, on whether Chile should scrap its constitution and write a new one. In need of a new edifice Chile’s momentous referendum on its constitution. Internasional. Chile 2020. The country’s moneyed classes may think of their sky-scrapered capital as Sanhattan, but they are surrounded by less sightly boroughs. “It’s the sentiment that Chile is run by an entrenched elite who take turns at the helm, in a country with stubbornly high levels of inequality,” economist Daniel Lansberg-Rodriguez, who teaches at  Northwestern University’s Kellogg School of Management, told me. Chile – Constitutional referendum (27 October 2020) The Chilean people voted by a very large majority in a constitutional referendum on October 25 to initiate a process to rewrite the constitution; voter turnout was high. On October 25, 2020 the Chilean people voted by an emphatic margin to approve a constitutional convention to draft a new constitution. Chile constitutional referendum vies with new foe: coronavirus, says former president by Reuters Friday, 16 October 2020 15:57 GMT Three decades after democracy came back to Chile, the scars left by the Pinochet regime remain palpable. Dreamed up as an incentive to enterprise, this arrangement is now accused of winking at the capture of public institutions by private interest. Chile To Postpone Constitutional Referendum Amid Pandemic. Some of these charters — Venezuela is working on #27, and the Dominican Republic has drafted 32 of them — are so stuffed with liberties and entitlements they read like a democratic bucket list. In 2019, anti-government protests started in the South American country. That’s a call for improving the system, not nationalizing it — an onerous move that some of Chile’s neighbors have embraced and others are trying to reverse.“The Chilean model is a unique way of conceiving the state and economy in Latin America, and that’s really what’s on the dock,” said economist Juan Nagel, who teaches at the Universidad de los Andes, in Santiago. By . Chile’s constitutional referendum last month was its most important vote since the country transitioned to democracy in 1989. One in five Chileans aged 60 and older live in poverty. More than 7.5 million of 14.97 million eligible Chileans voted in the referendum, the electoral authority said, the largest turnout since Chile adopted voluntary voting in 2012. Updated 10:34 AM ET, Mon October 26, 2020 Chileans celebrate the referendum results at Santiago's Plaza Italia on Sunday evening (CNN) Chile's President Sebastian Piñera hailed the … Internasional. 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