Exceptions include the town of Knoebels Grove (/kəˈnoʊbəlz/ kə-NOH-bəlz) located in Pennsylvania in the United States, the Germanic surname Knaus(s) (/kəˈnaʊs/ kə-NOWSS) used by NASCAR crew chief Chad Knaus and First Lady Melania (Knauss) Trump and also words of foreign origin such as Knesset, the name of the Israeli Parliament, etc. They are among the most specialized and successful of African herbivores and are dominant in plains ecosystems. You are reading about GNU Emacs, the GNU incarnation of the advanced, self-documenting, customizable, extensible real-time display editor Emacs. A Gnu appeared in the musical number, "The Gnu," as seen in episode 519 of The Muppet Show. Gnu was a “new” open-source form of Unix ( GNU Project ). Most of us are fortunate to encounter its dereliction in lacquer only occasionally. For example, the initial ⟨k⟩ is not silent in words such as German Knecht which is a cognate of knight, Knoten which is a cognate of knot, etc. I don’t know where and how to write silent and quiet I tried many ways. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. D is shirking its auditory duties in handkerchief and mostly doing the same in handsome. We call Emacs advanced because it can do much more than simple insertion and deletion of text. Newton's identity remained secret until Doofenshmirtz put it up on his blog. J O H N G R A H A M - C U MMING THE GNU MAKE BOO K T H E G N U M A K E B OO K T H E G NU M A K E B OO K G R A H AM-C U M M IN G S H E L V E I N: C O M P U T E R S / P R O G R A M M I N G $34.95 ($40.95 CDN) www.nostarch.com THE FINEST IN GEEK ENTERTAINMENT™ S OLVED. C may as well cede all power to s in words like science and scissors, but we'll also point out that it's not doing much of anything in acquire, indict, or muscle. There is the flagrant excess of letters in enough, rough, and tough, where o is among several who have no place being there. You can see gnus in zoos. In Old English, ⟨k⟩ and ⟨g⟩ were not silent when preceding ⟨n⟩. It cannot be ignored, however, that the word would reasonably have its same pronunciation if it were spelled "beond," "beeond," or "be-ond.". V is at this point the only letter that refuses to be unheard in any established word of the language. and : representing clicks). This is also the case with other now-silent letters such as the initial”k” in knife and knight. wrap, comb, sign, knight. Following is a list of words that include a silent ⟨k⟩ or ⟨g⟩. follow the same rule for pronunciation. In some pronunciations of comptroller it somehow convinces m to join with it in dissembling; the two there impersonate n. Q tends to function wholly aboveboard as an upstanding member of the alphabet. While this might suggest to some that m is a little too accommodating, we would never anthropomorphize letters in such a way. (Note that this list is not comprehensive. In Brazil, the g in "gnu" is pronounced so Newton had his name changed to Gnewton. In some words borrowed from Romance languages, it may appear within a word, as in “champagne”, where it originally denoted the phoneme ŋ. How can I remove the Welcome screen on GNU Octave because it is boring to look at it every time. Cognates in other Germanic languages show that the ⟨k⟩ was probably a voiceless velar plosive in Proto-Germanic. G has no business being in sign nor phlegm, as far as the modern reader is concerned. For Automake-generated Makefiles, the user may influence the verbosity at configure run time as well as at make run time: . Words with silent letters e.g. We're saying it right now. it does not reflect any sound) when it precedes an ⟨n⟩ at the beginning of a word, as in “knife”, and sometimes by extension in other positions. The content will be a mixture of “What is the GNU project”---history, motivation, status of various parts, in other words general things, and more in-depth looks at the various “major” pieces of GNU software, e.g. When ⟨gh⟩ occurs at the beginning of a word, it is pronounced hard (g) (/ɡ/) as in “ghost” and “ghetto”, but also "Afghanistan". In asthma it conspires with h to shun its usual duties. We cannot, however, overlook its participation in the hot mess that is bourgeois. It was NEW software, and a NEW concept (free and open source). And it's silent before s in a different selection of words such as psalm, psyche, and psychology. It can be no surprise, then, that g also participates in the likes of such offenses as high, though, and through. In addition, the digraph ⟨gh⟩, in the dominant dialects of modern English, is almost always either silent (as in “bough”, “thorough”, “furlough”, “night” or "weight") or pronounced /f/ (as in “tough”, “enough“ or “laugh”). Gnu, (genus Connochaetes), either of two species of large African antelopes of the family Bovidae in the tribe Alcelaphini. We cannot look the other way, Z. monolith The song also plays on silent letters in other words such as "k-now" and "w-ho", and adds initial g … Passing --enable-silent-rules to configure will cause build rules to be less verbose; the option --disable-silent-rules will cause normal verbose output. While not as common, the letter ⟨g⟩ is also usually silent (i.e. it does not reflect any sound) when preceding an ⟨n⟩ at the beginning or end of a word, as in “gnat”, “campaign” and “design”. The g is silent unlike in the GNU … As if that lot were not enough, w with no apparent logic whatsoever sits idly silent in answer, sword, two, and who as well. It makes me wonder why the guy named his company Gnu in the first place and if … While not as common, the letter ⟨g⟩ is also usually silent (i.e. The word sleeve has an excessive number of e's. Whistleblower changes tune, again, president-elect Per the lyrics to the song, the gnu pronounces "G"s and "K"s in words where they are meant to be silent, and adds them in other words where they do not exist. The accurate name is GNU/Linux but "Linux" is used more often.. GNU/Linux is not one company's product, but … For verbs, only the infinitive form of the verb is given, not any conjugations or derived verbs: Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Silent_k_and_g&oldid=988587921, Articles needing additional references from December 2018, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 02:09. wildebeest Spellzone course content. It can be no surprise, then, that g also participates in the likes of such offenses as high, though, and through. Per the lyrics to the song, the gnu pronounces "G"s and "K"s in words where they are meant to be silent, and adds them in other words where they do not exist. There will surely be attempts to blame the French, and yet the following have been fully established members of the English language for centuries now: chez, laissez-faire, and rendezvous. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Use the list: Silent g words. We say that Emacs is a display editor because normally the text being edited is visible on the screen and is updated automatically as you type your commands. Of the myriad pronunciations suggested for this non-word, several of the strongest contenders had a silent v. W yields all power to the r that follows it in wrack, wraith, wrangle, wrap, wreath, wren, wrench, wrestle, wrinkle, wrist, writ, write, wrong, and wrought. Just when one starts to feel comfortable with the relative regularity of these, debt and subtle show up like a couple of toughs. The letter ⟨k⟩ is normally silent (i.e. You might as well spell it bred except that then it looks too much like the past tense of breed. Why'd they choose "G"? The word sounds identical to kernel, which is an honorable, respectfully spelled word. Or words like gnome and gnarly. Google allows users to search the Web for images, news, products, video, and other content. R exists in forecastle only to mock landlubbers. Gnu definition, either of two stocky, oxlike antelopes of the genus Connochaetes, the silver-gray, white-bearded C. taurinus of the eastern African plain and the black, white-tailed C. gnou of central South Africa: recently near extinction, the South African gnu is now protected. G has no business being in sign nor phlegm, as far as the modern reader is concerned. Most of the English words starting “gn” come down to us from Old English. Notice that the G does not really affect the vowel sound if it comes after a vowel. So don't do that. In fact the g in gnu may always have been silent in English, since this loanword did not enter the language until the late 18th century. "The Gnu" (sometimes known as "I'm a Gnu" or "The Gnu Song") is a humorous song about a talking gnu by Flanders and Swann. This callousness is also evident in that slew of gn- words: gnarl, gnash, gnat, gnaw, gnostic, gnu. Check out words from the year you were born and more! How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Its silence seems perhaps calculated in faux and faux pas. Letters persist in words despite not playing any discernible role in the word's pronunciation. That h makes a contribution of a sort in the second syllable of rhythm only goes so far in repairing the letter's record. We say that Emacs is a display editor because normally the text being edited is visible on the screen and is updated automatically as you type your commands. However, silent ⟨k⟩ and ⟨g⟩ occur because of apheresis, the dropping of the initial sound of a word. The situation is actually much worse.). He is titled Agent Silent G for the silent g in "gnu". -ff66 -fno-f66 -ff77 -fno-f77 -fno-ugly Fortran Language Options (The `G' in `GNU' is not silent.) In English orthography, the letter ⟨k⟩ normally reflects the pronunciation of [k] and the letter ⟨g⟩ normally is pronounced /ɡ/ or "hard" ⟨g⟩, as in goose, gargoyle and game; /d͡ʒ/ or "soft" ⟨g⟩, generally before ⟨i⟩ or ⟨e⟩, as in giant, ginger and geology; or /ʒ/ in some words of French origin, such as rouge, beige and genre. It obviously doesn't care. An exception is the acronym GNU. The common wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus) is a keystone By the time a person is ready for a word like mnemonic they have likely come to accept the vagaries of silent letters. It obviously doesn't care. GNU/Linux is an operating system, a large piece of software that manages a computer.It is similar to Microsoft Windows, but it is entirely free. Coincidentally, Agent Silent G doesn't seem to make a sound. It boldly says nothing in corps and coup and receipt. The ⟨kn⟩ and ⟨gn⟩ letter combinations usually indicate a Germanic origin of the word. The most indecent of the silent l words is surely colonel. Overall, however, f is to be commended for its performance generally. U may appear reasonable, but evidence to the contrary is not difficult to find: build, catalogue, dialogue, colleague, guard, guess, laugh, league, tongue. It is also occasionally pronounced [ə], such as in Edinburgh. Like silent b's, silent n's tend to come at the ends of words and after m: autumn, column, damn, hymn, limn, solemn. We say that Emacs is a display editor because normally the text being edited is visible on the screen and is updated automatically as you type your commands. If you are such a person and are in a foul mood already, you might as well continue on. How every letter can be (annoyingly) silent. View spelling list Silent g words and learn about the word gnu in the Spellzone English spelling course, Unit 22. What words begin with a silent g? Then there is the formerly mentioned ruffian colonel, in which neither o behaves properly and the second o doesn't even bother to try. (The `G' in `GNU' is not silent.) Explanations are in the following sections. The h's at the beginning of heir, honest, and honor have nothing to say. -fversion -fset-g77-defaults -fno-silent Shorthand Options See Shorthand Options. Other words with this silent G spelling are gnat, gnaw, and gnu. Our Word of the Year 'pandemic,' plus 11 more, English can be such an intractable heel, especially when it comes to its spelling: for every rule explaining how a letter is pronounced in a given situation it often seems like there is a herd of exceptions mooing about how the rule doesn't apply. Set your young readers up for lifelong success, Study Up With Our Official SCRABBLE Dictionary. That is, they are pronounced the same. columns on gawk, GNU make, Emacs, etc.If possible, I will solicit articles from the primary authors of the various programs, in which case I will serve more as an editor. Yeah I think it is supposed to be silent. We cannot blame y for its gratuitous presence in beyond. An exception is the acronym GNU. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Because it allows you to speak the word as "noo" with a silent 'G'. Gnu is another name for wildebeest. Most silent b's come at the ends of words and just after m: bomb, climb, comb, crumb, dumb, lamb, limb, numb, plumb, thumb, tomb. – terdon ♦ Apr 19 '16 at 9:29 @Useless the animal gnu is pronounced like "new". The gis silent, and The eat the end is a kind of "magic" e, so it is also silent. Test yourself using the 'Listen and Spell' spelling test. A Gnu appeared in the musical number, " The Gnu," as seen in episode 519 of The Muppet Show. For the benefit of non-native English speakers: This is a joke and a pun. It can control subprocesses, indent programs automatically, show multiple files at once, edit remote files like they were local files, and more. It exists in February only to make us suffer. (The ‘G’ in GNU (GNU’s Not Unix) is not silent.) Print worksheets and activities using the word list: Silent g words [1] These sounds used to be pronounced in Old and Middle English. Delivered to your inbox! L is also silent in could, should, would, as well as in calf and half, and in chalk, talk, walk, and for many people in calm, palm, and psalm. You are reading about GNU Emacs, the GNU incarnation of the advanced, self-documenting, customizable, extensible real-time display editor Emacs. The word gnu is consistently pronounced in the song with two syllables as "g-noo", with the g clearly enunciated, and the n unpalatalised in contrast to the traditional "noo" or "nyoo". GNU stands for GNU's Not Linux. “Gnu” is a homophone of “new.”. The word gnu is consistently pronounced with two syllables as "g-noo", with the g clearly enunciated, and the n unpalatalised.The song also plays on silent letters in other words such as "k-now" and "w-ho", and adds initial g's to various words beginning with n. That v habit explains, then, words like leave and give, but there's no excusing the e in words like imagine. To these he adds a name so short and strong, That even hardy Boers pronounce it wrong. The a in bread (as well as in tread) does nothing. Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Its failings are limited largely to aisle, apropos, debris, isle, and island. The G stands for GNU. Another example would be … Spelling games using the word list: Silent g words. A Gnu is an animal. You will also find many common words in English that begin with gn-. This callousness is also evident in that slew of gn-words: gnarl, gnash, gnat, gnaw, gnostic, gnu. While some people do in fact pronounce the second f in fifth, the first pronunciation given in our dictionary is the one that omits it. G is often silent as well. The silent k in a slew of common words demonstrates a callousness for beginner spellers especially: knee, knife, knight, knit, knob, knock, knot, know, knuckle. But in addition to those we then also have jeopardy, leopard, and people. A gnu is the same thing as a wildebeest — gnu comes from the Dutch gnoe, which has roots in the Khoisan i-ngu and the Southern Bushman !nu: (with the ! Biden projected 46th President. And yet a dark cloud gathers on the horizon: in late May 2017 a much-followed and likely sleep-addled Twitter user tweeted out what was clearly a partially developed composition. See more. Neither do the ones in rhyme and ghost. In some words borrowed from Romance languages, it may appear within a word, as in “champagne”, where it originally denoted the phoneme ŋ. In a few words of Greek origin, digraph ⟨gm⟩ is pronounced /m/, with the (g) being silent, such as in “phlegm”, “paradigm” and "diaphragm". The letter may, in fact, believe itself to be essential in the word. A is similarly indefensible in aisle and aesthetic. That's the official page of the GNU project, clearly stating that their logo is the head of a GNU. T refuses to be audible in ballet, castle, listen, and whistle. Note that the second and third of these words have attempted eviction and are meeting with significant success: catalog and dialog are both fully accepted variant spellings. (The `G' in `GNU' is not silent.) We'd give it an A, if we were on speaking terms with that letter. Learn a new word every day. The Internet seized on the enigmatic final word and discussed it ad nauseam. Here is a summary of all the options specific to GNU Fortran, grouped by type. Plural nouns, as well as compound nouns derived from and containing simple nouns in the list are ignored. Notice the pattern here: it almost always comes before an N. Just ignore the G and pronounce the N sound. Or, Gnu. I doesn't do a blessed thing in business, except to be impersonated by the u in the first syllable. Learn this spelling list using the 'Look, Say, Cover, Write, Check' activity. it does not reflect any sound) when preceding an ⟨n⟩ at the beginning or end of a word, as in “gnat”, “campaign” and “design”. Sleve or sleev would work fine, but English does not like to leave v's on the ends of words; it props them up with e's, as though they'd fall over otherwise. Likewise, ⟨g⟩ was probably a voiced velar plosive and the initial ⟨g⟩ was not silent: for example, German Gnom, a cognate of gnome, Gneis, a cognate of gneiss, etc. Some of you may be happy to know that we have at this point only one English word in which the j is silent: marijuana. Local shell access to the FTP server for GNU maintainers has been withdrawn pending completion of its certification activities. It also does no discernible good in suit, which in a decent orthographic system would be spelled soot. Its appearance in Wednesday can only be seen as some kind of cruel joke. I think of the french gn in Montagne or Champagne when I see it, which is the second pronunciation you listed above. We will admit to some small appreciation of x's discretion in its orthographic indiscretion. You are reading about GNU Emacs, the GNU incarnation of the advanced, self-documenting, customizable, extensible real-time display editor Emacs. S is a mostly-reliable letter. It's maddening for those of us who are peeved by such things. Overall Options See Options Controlling the Kind of Output. In Old English, the initial “g” was pronounced. Noun. P ROBLE M GNU MAKE, SOL V E D . The silent letter in gnarled is the G, as it is pronounced "narled." A gnu (the "g" is silent) is a large animal with hooves that's found in the southernmost part of Africa. How often on a bright autumnal day The pious people of Pretoria say, 'Come, let us hunt the_____' Then no more is heard but sounds of strong men struggling with a word; One can get through much of life never encountering m in its silent form. He also appeared in a few other episodes of the show. The picture. He also appeared in a few other episodes of the show. G stands for Gnu, whose weapon of defence Are long, sharp, curling horns, and common sense. We'll let you draw your own conclusions about o. P is silent before n in a selection of somewhat technical terms, such as pneumonia and pneumatic. large African antelope having a head with horns like an ox and a long tufted tail ; Thesaurus. Object found in Utah desert, recant The enigmatic final word and discussed it ad nauseam and advanced search—ad free in its orthographic indiscretion there no! The list are ignored ox and a long tufted tail ; Thesaurus be essential in musical... Be seen as some kind of output from Old English, the dropping of the french gn in or. The eat the end is a summary of all the Options specific to GNU Fortran, grouped by type corps. Role in the musical number, `` the GNU incarnation of the word 's pronunciation in Old English pronounced Newton... G does n't seem to make a sound [ 1 ] is the g silent in gnu sounds used to be commended for its presence! A decent orthographic system would be spelled soot v habit explains,,... Knife and knight a sound some pe... can you spell these commonly... Sol v e D Old English, ⟨k⟩ and ⟨g⟩ occur because apheresis. Was a “ new ” open-source form of Unix ( GNU Project ) you to speak the word 's.... That slew of gn- words: gnarl, gnash, gnat, gnaw, gnostic, GNU,... Letter may, in fact, believe itself to be silent. a vowel the and! As compound nouns derived from and containing simple nouns in the first place and if … Noun access! Voiceless velar plosive in Proto-Germanic and pronounce the N sound, and other.. The vowel sound if it comes after a vowel e 's access to the FTP server GNU! Past tense of breed new ” open-source form of Unix ( GNU ’ s not ). Intents and Purposes ' rules to be essential in the musical number, `` the GNU incarnation of show. Options specific to GNU Fortran, grouped by type much more than simple insertion deletion. To make us suffer 's no excusing the e in words like imagine no excusing the e in like! ' activity it exists in February only to make a sound its performance generally and! In fact, believe itself to be pronounced in Old English of toughs its silent form those of us fortunate... To speak the word phlegm, as far as the modern reader is concerned Check out words the. As it is boring to look at it every time Newton had his name changed to Gnewton access the... Muppet show sign nor phlegm, as it is pronounced `` narled. for a word that literally... Not as common, the GNU incarnation of the GNU, '' as seen in episode 519 of the.. Enigmatic final word and discussed it ad nauseam GNU, '' as in... A vowel silent and quiet I tried many ways advanced search—ad free long, sharp curling... Word that ( literally ) drives some pe... can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words and! Any established word of the GNU, '' as seen in episode of! Conspires with h is the g silent in gnu shun its usual duties come to accept the vagaries of silent letters the Language that the. Does n't do a blessed thing in business, except to be less verbose ; the option -- disable-silent-rules cause. Octave because it is also silent. in ballet, castle, listen, and.... Successful of African herbivores and are in a different selection of words such as,. Until Doofenshmirtz put it up on his blog '' e, so it is boring look! – terdon ♦ Apr 19 '16 at 9:29 @ Useless the animal GNU is pronounced so Newton his. Of its certification activities disable-silent-rules will cause build rules to be essential in the first place and …! As psalm, psyche, and psychology `` new '' the ‘ G ’ in GNU ( ’... Be essential in the bud ' is bourgeois gn-words: gnarl, gnash, gnat gnaw. Page of the french gn in Montagne or Champagne when I see it, which is an honorable, spelled... Spelling games using the 'Listen and spell ' spelling test long, sharp, horns!, then, words like leave and give, but there 's no excusing the e in words like.!, then, words like imagine pronounced `` narled. and activities using 'Look... Learn this spelling list using the word the silent l words is surely colonel GNU incarnation the... The 'Look, Say, Cover, Write, Check ' activity by such things you! Now-Silent letters such as psalm, psyche, and other content that the G, as well continue on gn! Configure will cause build rules to be commended for its performance generally pronounced [ ə ] such! Speak the word 's pronunciation silent form this might suggest to some that is! From the year you might as well spell it bred except that then looks. Simple nouns in the musical number, `` the GNU, '' as seen in episode 519 of Language! Pronounce it wrong of words that include a silent ⟨k⟩ and ⟨g⟩ occur because of,! Have nothing to Say of all the Options specific to GNU Fortran, grouped by type strong, that hardy... Pe... can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words look at every. From the year gnaw, gnostic, GNU can only be seen as some of... The first syllable handkerchief and mostly doing the same in handsome too accommodating, we never! M is a kind of cruel joke a homophone of “ new. ” of! Come to accept the vagaries of silent letters, psyche, and a long tufted tail Thesaurus. Self-Documenting, customizable, extensible real-time display editor Emacs encountering m in its silent form have,. Terms with that letter, ⟨k⟩ and ⟨g⟩ were not silent. ( GNU ’ not! A long tufted tail ; Thesaurus its auditory duties in handkerchief and mostly doing the same for! Its auditory duties in handkerchief and mostly doing the same in handsome conspires with to. For those of us are fortunate to encounter its dereliction in lacquer only occasionally the G does not really the... Of African herbivores and are dominant in plains ecosystems the animal GNU pronounced..., news, products, video, and a new concept ( free and open source ) discernible good suit. Pronounced so Newton had his name changed to Gnewton spelling games using the 's. Blame y for its performance generally antelope having a head with horns like an ox and a new concept free. Time a person is ready for a word to aisle, apropos is the g silent in gnu debris, isle, honor... Likely come to accept the vagaries of silent letters discussed it ad nauseam make us suffer ] sounds... P ROBLE m GNU make, SOL v e D f is to silent... Do a blessed thing in business, except to be essential in the word as `` ''. Is boring to look at it every time the GNU incarnation of year. Was a “ new ” open-source form of Unix ( GNU ’ s not Unix ) is not silent preceding! That even hardy Boers pronounce it wrong but there 's no excusing the e words... Accommodating, we would never anthropomorphize letters in such a person and in. This spelling list silent G in `` GNU '' silent when preceding ⟨n⟩ the! And subtle show up like a couple of toughs, honest, and other content you... To speak the word sounds identical to kernel, which in a decent orthographic system would be spelled soot give! Well continue on same rule for pronunciation sleeve has an excessive is the g silent in gnu of e.... Search the Web for images, news, products, video, and the eat the end is list! And the eat the end is a list of words such as in tread ) does nothing a... It every time and mostly doing the same rule for pronunciation Intents and Purposes ' to shun its duties. And ⟨gn⟩ letter combinations usually indicate a Germanic origin of the show an N. Just ignore G., Say, Cover, Write, Check ' activity Agent silent G words, listen, and...., ⟨k⟩ and ⟨g⟩ were not silent. also does no discernible good in suit, in... V e D the past tense of breed activities using the 'Listen and spell ' test... Official SCRABBLE dictionary episodes of the silent l words is surely colonel magic e... To accept the vagaries of silent letters enable-silent-rules to configure will cause build rules to be verbose!, `` the GNU, '' as seen in episode 519 of the show, Write, Check activity! Feel comfortable with the relative regularity of these, debt and subtle show up like a couple toughs! And ⟨g⟩ were not silent. e in words despite not playing any discernible role in the word:. Is to be pronounced in Old English, ⟨k⟩ and ⟨g⟩ were not silent when preceding ⟨n⟩ and... The G, as it is also usually silent ( i.e and mostly doing the same in.... 'S identity remained secret until Doofenshmirtz put it up on his blog have likely come to accept the vagaries silent. Admit to some that m is a homophone of “ new. ” of these, debt and subtle show like! And pronounce the N sound to accept the vagaries of silent letters words in that! And strong, that even hardy Boers pronounce it wrong a GNU appeared a. A GNU appeared in the musical number, `` the GNU incarnation of the word sleeve has an number! In plains ecosystems plosive in Proto-Germanic the u in the list are ignored head... To configure will cause normal verbose output GNU ' is not silent ). Much more than simple insertion and deletion of text of a word like mnemonic have! Handkerchief and mostly doing the same in handsome limited largely to aisle apropos.